|Title||The cluster problem revisited|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Wechsung A, Schaber SD, Barton PI|
|Journal||Journal of Global Optimization|
|Keywords||Cluster problem, Convergence order, convex relaxations, global optimization|
In continuous branch-and-bound algorithms, a very large number of boxes near global minima may be visited prior to termination. This so-called cluster problem (J Glob Optim 5(3):253–265, 1994) is revisited and a new analysis is presented. Previous results are confirmed, which state that at least second-order convergence of the relaxations is required to overcome the exponential dependence on the termination tolerance. Additionally, it is found that there exists a threshold on the convergence order pre-factor which can eliminate the cluster problem completely for second-order relaxations. This result indicates that, even among relaxations with second-order convergence, behavior in branch-and-bound algorithms may be fundamentally different depending on the pre-factor. A conservative estimate of the pre-factor is given for alphaBB relaxations.