Dynamic flux balance modeling to increase the production of high-value compounds in green microalgae

TitleDynamic flux balance modeling to increase the production of high-value compounds in green microalgae
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsFlassig RJ, Fachet M, Höffner K, Barton PI, Sundmacher K
JournalBiotechnology for Biofuels
Volume9
Issue165
Pagination1-12
Abstract

Background

Photosynthetic organisms can be used for renewable and sustainable production of fuels and high-value compounds from natural resources. Costs for design and operation of large-scale algae cultivation systems can be reduced if data from laboratory scale cultivations are combined with detailed mathematical models to evaluate and optimize the process.

Results

In this work we present a flexible modeling formulation for accumulation of high-value storage molecules in microalgae that provides quantitative predictions under various light and nutrient conditions. The modeling approach is based on dynamic flux balance analysis (DFBA) and includes regulatory models to predict the accumulation of pigment molecules. The accuracy of the model predictions is validated through independent experimental data followed by a subsequent model-based fed-batch optimization. In our experimentally validated fed-batch optimization study we increase biomass and ββ-carotene density by factors of about 2.5 and 2.1, respectively.

Conclusions

The analysis shows that a model-based approach can be used to develop and significantly improve biotechnological processes for biofuels and pigments.

URLhttps://biotechnologyforbiofuels.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13068-016-0556-4
DOI10.1186/s13068-016-0556-4