|Title||Optimal Campaigns in End-to-End Continuous Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing. Part 2: Dynamic Optimization|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Patrascu M, Barton PI|
|Journal||Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification|
We investigate theoretical optimal campaigns in a continuous process of pharmaceuticals production. The simulated process, inspired by a pilot plant previously tested at MIT, includes several reaction and separation steps to produce final tablets. This paper, demonstrates the use of nonsmooth differential-algebraic equations (DAEs) framework for such optimal campaigns design.
We embed the model developed in the first part of this series in a dynamic optimization problem formulated as a hybrid discrete/continuous and nonsmooth problem. We enforce the quality constraints only on an interior epoch (on-spec) and optimize its duration. We then use a gradient-based optimization tool (IPOPT) to solve the problem. We consider the on-specification productivity over the entire campaign. Various control profiles are chosen as decision variables, as well as the timings of the control switchings. The yield and the productivity of the process are considered as objectives under a constant (short) time horizon. Pareto curves of optimal yield and productivity for various campaign durations are calculated. The results show a significant improvement over a “nominal” operating procedure that only considers steady-state operation. This methodology can be used to guide decision makers, in both the design stage of new plants and the operation of existing configurations.