|Title||Switching behavior of solutions of ordinary differential equations with abs-factorable right-hand sides|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Khan KA, Barton PI|
|Journal||Systems & Control Letters|
|Keywords||non-Zeno behavior, nonsmooth analysis, ordinary differential equations, switching systems|
We consider nonsmooth dynamic systems that are formulated as the unique solutions of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with right-hand side functions that are finite compositions of analytic functions and absolute-value functions. Various non-Zenoness results are obtained for such solutions: in particular, any absolute-value function in the ODE right-hand side can only switch between its two linear pieces finitely many times on any finite duration, even when a discontinuous control input is included. These results are extended to obtain numerically verifiable necessary conditions for the emergence of “valley-tracing modes”, in which the argument of an absolute-value function is identically zero for a nonzero duration. Such valley-tracing modes can create theoretical and numerical complications during sensitivity analysis or optimization. We show that any valley-tracing mode must begin either at the initial time, or when another absolute-value function switches between its two linear pieces.